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KNA collects and preserves domestic and international useful plant resources from diverse countries, and we endeavor to research on biodiversity conservation.
We consistently conduct co-research and cooperative projects based on scholar relationships with plant research institutions and as well as participating in Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI), and Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

  • Forest Resource and Digitization Research

    Speciation and Origins Study of Korean Native Plant (2014-2023)

    1) Research Background

    • - Identifying the speciation and origins of Korean native plants through the study on their genetic characteristics.

    2) Research Objectives

    • - Compiling genetic information on Korean native plants in order to protect plant biological sovereignty.
    • - Completing the genome mapping of native plants.

    3) Expected Achievements

    • - Collecting the genetic information and conducting genome mapping of native plant resources.
    • - Identifying the speciation of Korean native plants by utilizing the megadata of the entire dielectric and chloroplast DNA.
    • - Utilizing the entire genome sequence as to developing SSR marker, new varieties and plant breeding.

    Publishing the Silvics of Korea (2015-2024)

    1) Research Background

    • - Plant taxonomical information of Korea remains unchanged as a picture book, a non-technical guide book or a manual while forests cover the 64% of total land and forest resources are key players in the forestry industry.
    • - The paradigm shift from the general flora study to morphological arrangement and revisions or monographs of specific taxa is necessary as the Korean Plant Name Index has been completed.

    2) Research Objectives

    • - Reorganizing the taxonomy and management basis for native trees on the Korean Peninsula through comprehensive research on their characteristics.
    • - Analyzing the morphological characteristics and variation patterns of native trees.
    • - Establishing a search system for native trees underpinned by researching on understanding the key characteristics.

    3) Expected Achievements

    • - Publishing ‘the Silvics of Korea’ in order to systematically manage the Korea plant genetic resources.
    • - Collecting comprehensive data for Korean native trees as to morphology, distribution, growing environment and habitat.
    • - Facilitating a forest related decision making process by providing systematic and reliable information on native trees. /li>

    Developing the Integrated Classification System of Forest Insect Resources(2016-2025)

    1) Research Background

    • - Securing insect sovereignty is vital and urgent followed by the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol. However, only the 38% (6,131 species) of insects are academically known among the 15,000 species of insects living on the Korean Peninsula.
    • - The genetic information of Korean insects is less than 15% of the total number of insects known to the academia.
    • It is extremely difficult to identify the natural enemy insects of forest vermin as they are generally minuscule (less than one centimeter).

    2) Research Objectives

    • - Forming a database for the DNA barcode nucleic acid sequence of forest insects as per their function.
    • - Developing the Integrated Identification System of Korean Insects to provide relevant information service.
    • - Publishing an illustrated guide to forest insects as per their phytophagous, episite and parasitic characteristics.

    3) Expected Achievements

    • - Establishing a more accurate system for identifying the insect taxa based on the database for the barcode nucleic acid sequence.
    • - Completing the phylogeny and species identification of Korean insect taxa through the data on molecular biology and morphology.

    Exploration and Taxonomical Research on Fungi and Lichen Dwell in Urban Habitats and Special Regions(2017-2021)

    1) Research Background

    • - Research on higher fungi (mushrooms and lichens) dwell in urban habitats (parks and gardens) and cultural heritage sites (places, royal tombs and temples) has not been done so far.
    • - Administrative agencies (eg, the Cultural Heritage Administration) have been requesting taxonomical advice from the KNA as a result of the damages caused by mushrooms and lichens dwell within the cultural heritage conservation sites.

    2) Research Objectives

    • - Conducting the distribution research on higher fungi dwell in urban parks, cultural heritage sites and protected trees nationwide.
    • - Collecting ecological and geographical data on the genetic resources information on higher fungi.
    • - Completing the distribution maps of higher fungi as per researched area.
    • - Publishing a field guidebook on the higher fungi of urban areas and special regions.

    2) Research Achievements

    • - Discovering new records and gathering biological resources (specimens and genetic resources) in unexplored areas.
    • - Raising public awareness of mushrooms and lichens.
    • - Devising plans to conserve and protect the special regions.

    Research on Mutual Relation between Forest Insects and Plants 1. Eating Habits (2018-2022)

    1) Research Background

    • - Understanding the eating habits of forest insects (leaf miners, leaf feeders, juice suckers, parasitoids and fungivores) their ecological characteristics is necessary.
    • - Forest health monitoring and climate change research call for understanding and analyzing the taxonomic relationship between forest insects, plants and micro-organism.
    • - Researching on the biodiversity of insects dwell in the KNA and other public and private arboreta nationwide and discovering insect resources as exhibition.

    2) Research Objectives

    • - Compiling an inventory of phytophagous and their host plants.
    • - Compiling an inventory of parasitoid insect resources and their host insects.
    • - Compiling an inventory of fungivore and related micro-organism.

    3) Research Achievements

    • - Providing the information of forest insect resources classified by their eating behavior to the public and publishing related books.
    • - Submitting and publishing the results of research work to academic journals.
    • - Raising public awareness of useful forest insect resources. (e.g. a press release)
    • - Understanding the food chain based on the mutual relation among forest biospecies in the forest ecosystem.

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