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Mountaineering

Mountaineering
Mountain climbing encompasses numerous activities including snow, ice and rock climbing as well as backpacking, skiing and snow camping. Here on About's Climbing site you will find numerous pages of original content on the sub categories of Mountaineering listed below.Rock Climbing is a broad sport with the following sub catagories
  • Indoor Gym Climbing
  • Sport Climbing
  • Traditional Climbing
  • Bouldering
  • Top Roping

Ice Climbing is a great winter activity that entails climbing frozen waterfalls
Maybe you've seen people climbing on TV or have read about it in the magazines.
Mountain climbing has been sensationalized in productions such as Cliff Hanger, Vertical Limit and Touching the Void. Something about the larger than life image or the thrill of reaching higher places attracts you. You want to get started scaling the cliffs, but where do you start? If you're interested and want to learn how to start.
The first task you need to do is determine what type of climbing sounds the most interesting. All of the disciplines in climbing require a moderate level of fitness, some money, free time and strong willpower. When choosing which activity to try first, it's best to take a look at yourself and decide which one sounds the most appealing. Are you a fair weather person or do you enjoy the cold? Do you prefer long hikes or do you shy away from cardiovascular activity? Mountain climbing encompasses numerous activities including snow, ice and rock climbing as well as backpacking, skiing and snow camping. Here on About's Climbing site you will find numerous pages of original content on the sub categories of Mountaineering listed below.

Sport climbing

Definition :
Sport climbing is a type of lead climbing. It is characterized by the "leader" clipping preplaced bolts in the rock with quickdraws. The quickdraws are what the rope is clipped into which protect the climber from hitting the ground if they should fall. This technique of preplaced bolts was pioneered in the late seventies and allowed harder grades of rock to be climbed. Sport climbing is the best way for intermediate climbers to start leading.

Traditional rock climbing

Definition :
What is traditional rock climbing? Trad rock climbing is the practice of climbing long rock faces for hundreds of feet. Climbers use the term "traditional" because the original style of rock climbing developed in the early 1900's resembles modern day trad climbing. The similarity lies in the common practice of climbers placing their own protection rather than clipping pre-placed bolts for security. Climbers like to label themselves with a defining term that describes what type of climbing they are best at. The most common labeling in the climbing world is "Sport climbers" and "Trad climbers." Trad climbers stereotypically like to think of themselves as "hard core."

The belay

Definition :
Belay is one of the most common terms in the climbing dictionary. To belay, means to secure or to protect another climber. Though the method in which the climber is protected can vary.
The most common way a belay is created is via a rope, harness and a belay device. The device, which is clipped to the harness, consist of a locking carabiner and a metal plate. As the rope runs through and around the metal plate, friction is increased and the climbers weight is caught with relative ease. It is important to secure the belayer properly before the climber leaves the ground.

Other belays are possible with less gear. The rope can be wrapped around the belayers' waist, which is called a hip belay. Also, in mountaineering, an ice axe and boot can be used to create the "boot/axe" belay.
Altogether, there are at least ten different techniques climbers can use to protect their partners. Each technique is application specific, meaning they are appropriate only in the right circumstance. As always, proper training is required before any of these techniques are used out of the cliffs, be safe and have fun.

Top Roping

Definition :
What is Top Roping? It's a form of rock climbing where safety for the climber is provided via a rope strung from the top of the cliff. The rope is anchored securely via bolts or passive protection and camming devices. As the climber ascends the cliff, their partner pulls the other end of the rope through a friction device. This action of providing security for the climber is called, "belaying". If the climber should fall, the belayer locks off the friction device and takes their weight with relative ease.

Tech Tip - Aid - A0 : Aid climbing for free climbers

A0 - quick and dirty aiding, generally without etriers ' is not glamorous, but it's a handy skill to have in your repertoire, especially for moving fast. Whether it's the Nose in one day or three, A0 gets the job done. A0 covers a wide spectrum, from hangdogging on a sport climb, to speed maneuvers on walls, to aiding through short cruxes. A0 is standard on big-wall speed ascents, and common on long free routes when you're racing against darkness or an imminent storm ' or when you're just plain blown and trying to get the hell off.
Let's say you've tried that crux move several times; it's just not happening, and you'd rather finish your climb than beat yourself up any longer. If there's a piece in front of you, grab it and pull through to the next good hold. If this doesn't work, clip a sling to the piece and step into it - this will give you more reach and be less strenuous. With a single-length runner, you'll be seriously high stepping, so make sure the piece is solid. If it blows when you're rocking onto it, you could easily take an upside-down fall. This technique works well on short bolt ladders. If the rock is low angled, you may be able to yard through on draws with your feet smeared on the bolt hangers.
On steep rock, yarding on gear is strenuous, so don't hesitate to fifi into a piece to rest. Even if you're free climbing instead of pulling on gear, it's more efficient to take a quick break than to push until your arms are completely flamed. If you don't have a fifi hook, a biner (keylock biners are preferable because they don't catch) clipped to your belay loop will serve the same purpose.
For speed, A0 works especially well on parallel-sided cracks, such as Boot Flake on the Nose. Sure, you might be able to free the pumpy 5.10d pitch, but A0 will leave you more energy for the summit dihedrals you'll be facing in the evening. Try leapfrogging the same sized cam, one in each hand. Some people put their hands through the slings and use the cams in the style of leashed ice axes. Use your feet exactly as if you were free climbing, either stuffed in the crack or on face holds. A good A0 practice is to move the cams up with you, clipping fixed gear or placing nuts when you want protection. Conserving cams this way, you won't get left in a lurch if you come across the same sized crack higher on the pitch.
Survey the rock in front of you and don't be afraid to move back and forth frequently between free and A0. The legendary Layton Kor is an example of a climber who had an uncanny intuition for when to move from free to aid and vice versa, finding the balance that maximized that essential quality : speed. If you find yourself spending time and energy figuring out how to free a move, it will be more efficient to yard through this section (provided there is gear). On the other hand, don't hesitate to step out of those slings and fire short sections free if they look doable. (Free climbing will always be faster than A0 as long as you keep moving.) To rest, you can either fifi into a piece or clip your lead line and call for tension. The latter works best when you want to leave one of the pieces you've been leapfrogging, or switch into free mode, saving you the awkwardness of clipping and unclipping. And don't forget that it's often best to mix it up; you might be yarding with one hand and finger jamming with the other, while one foot's in a sling and the other's smearing on a fixed pin or a small edge.
Consider how your second will get through an A0 section. Let's say you yarded through a short bit of aid, but back cleaned the pro. If the rock is less than vertical, the second can batman the locked-off lead line until he reaches the next piece. Once he's fified in and unweighted the rope, you can quickly reel in the slack. On steeper rock, the second may be able to aid through using the gear he's cleaned. In general, a super-tight belay can expedite things when the second is A0-ing.
With a little practice you'll find A0 relatively painless. And what's nice is that you don't need anything more than what you'd normally carry for a free climb. When done right, A0 can speed things up, help you avoid epics, and even open access to routes that might otherwise be out of reach.

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