Nutmeg trees inhabit in the south of Naesangsan (Mt.) in Korea and Japan. For the beautiful figure of the tree, it is usually used as an ornamental tree, its fruit is used as an vermicide, a stool softener pill or oil.
The nutmeg tree in Gongyang-myeon Sacheon is supposed to be about 300 years old and 21m in height and 3.8m in girth and branches spread to all directions. It is said that the tree was located in front of the main entrance of the government building of Gonyang-gun in the Joseon dynasty, and now it stands in Gonyang-myeon office. Although originally it has been known as a female tree, male flowers bloom on some branches recently. There is a small male tree about 10m apart from it.
As the nutmeg tree in Gongyang-myeon Sacheon has been taken care of by our ancestors for a long time and is very valuable as cultural and biological material, it is designated and protected as a Natural Monument.