A zelkova inhabits in a temperate climate region such as Japan, Taiwan and China as well as Korea. It has a round shape with branches widely growing to all directions. Its flowers bloom in May and its disk-shaped fruit ripe in October. It has been used serve a shady resting place in the village because of its old age and thick branches like and protected as a Dangsan tree (the tree of guardian) which protects and defends a village.
The zelkova in Singi-dong is estimated to be about 350 years old and 10m in height and 8.35m in girth. The tree divides into five branches at 1.6m high from the ground but a part is already dead or decaying.
There are two stories about it. One is that the tree was planted by the father of the Jangs of Indong. The other is that if its leaves at the bottom and the top branches come at the same time, the village will have a good harvest that year. For a while, it was protected as a guardian deity, and the village inhabitants have performed religious services for the village on every 15th of January.
This old zelkova in Singi-dong is very valuable as a cultural material because it has been the center of our ancestors' life and culture as a guardian deity. Therefore it is designated and protected as a Natural Monument.